Ovarian Cysts



  • Ovarian cysts are small fluid-filled sacs that develop in a woman's ovaries. Most cysts are harmless, but some may cause problems such as rupture, bleeding, or pain.

    Ovarian Cysts Causes

    Patient
    - *-History of previous ovarian cysts
    Irregular menstrual cycles
    Increased upper body fat distribution
    Early menstruation (11 years or younger)
    Infertility treatment.
    therapy for breast cancer
    Cigarette smoking .

    Ovarian Cysts Symptoms

    Patient
    • Lower abdominal or pelvic pain, which may start and stop and may be severe, sudden, and sharp
    • Irregular menstrual periods
    • Feeling of lower abdominal or pelvic pressure or fullness
    • Long-term pelvic pain during menstrual period that may also be felt in the lower back.
    • Pelvic pain after strenuous exercise or sexual intercourse.
    • Pain or pressure with urination or bowel movements.
    • Nausea and vomiting.
    • Vaginal pain or spotty bleeding from the vagina
    • Infertility.

    Ovarian Cysts Surgery
    Laparoscopic surgery: The surgeon makes small incisions through which a thin scope (laparoscope) can pass into the abdomen. The surgeon identifies the cyst through the scope and may remove the cyst or take a sample from it.

    Laparotomy: This is a more invasive surgery in which an incision is made through the abdominal wall in order to remove a cyst.

    Surgery for ovarian torsion: An ovarian cyst may twist and cause severe abdominal pain as well as nausea and vomiting. This is an emergency, surgery is necessary to correct it.

    Complications
    • Ovarian torsion. Cysts that become large may cause the ovary to move out of its usual position in the pelvis. This increases the chance of painful twisting of your ovary, called ovarian torsion.
    • Rupture. A cyst that ruptures may cause severe pain and lead to internal bleeding.